Make It Right: In Depth

40 Acres and a Mule Would Be at Least $6.4 Trillion Today—What the U.S. Really Owes Black America

Slavery made America wealthy, and racist policies since have blocked African American wealth-building. Can we calculate the economic damage?
May 14, 2015

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Introduction: 1. 1.5 million pounds in 1790 and 2.25 billion pounds in 1859, based on Empire of Cotton, by Sven Beckert (2014) pgs. 104, 106 77% based on: Cotton and Race in the Making of America: The Human Costs of Economic Power, by Gene Dattel (2009) Joshua Rothman, email correspondence, 2015 48.3% in 1860 according to Gavin Wright, Slavery and American Economic Development (LSU Press, 2006, paperback 2013) [personal communication] 2. The Politics of Despair: Power and Resistance in the Tobacco Wars. Tracy Campbell, 2015 7% based on: Documents of the Assembly of the State of New York, Vol. 4. 1979. 3. 70-80%, according to: 4. Dime based on: $59 trillion: $15 trillion: National Legal and Policy Center: $25 trillion: Martin Luther King:

Tracy Matsue Loeffelholz
Tracy Matsue Loeffelholz is creative director of YES!
Jeff Neumann